what are the 7 common types of mental disorders

what are the 7 common types of mental disorders
Types of mental disorders

Identifying mental health conditions

Mental disorders affect millions of people worldwide, yet there remains a significant stigma surrounding them. It’s crucial to understand what mental disorders entail and how they can impact individuals’ lives.

what are the 7 common types of mental disorders?

Anxiety Disorders

The hallmarks of anxiety disorders are excessive concern, fear, or trepidation. They might show up as panic attacks, phobias, social anxiety disorders, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and other manifestations.

Mood Disorders

Mood regulation disruptions are a feature of mood disorders, commonly referred to as affective disorders.This category includes depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder, where individuals experience extreme shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels.

Psychotic Disorders

Psychotic disorders involve disruptions to a person’s thoughts and perceptions, leading to distortions of reality. Schizophrenia is the most well-known psychotic disorder, characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thinking.

Disorders of Eating

Negative body image and ongoing disruptions in eating behaviors are hallmarks of eating disorders, which are serious diseases. 

Here are some important eating disorders that are listed below:
  • Severe behavioral illnesses known as eating disorders are defined by ongoing disruptions in eating patterns and the troubling thoughts and feelings that go along with them.
  • Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, avoidant restrictive food intake disorder, and other conditions are examples of eating disorder types.
  • Up to 5% of people suffer from eating problems, which typically start in adolescence or early adulthood.
  • While bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are more common in women, eating disorders can afflict anyone of any age or gender.
  • Eating disorders often co-occur with other psychiatric disorders such as mood and anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and substance use disorders.
  • Treatment for eating disorders should address psychological, behavioral, nutritional, and medical complications, including those resulting from malnutrition or purging behaviors.
  • Ambivalence towards treatment or denial of the problem is common, but with proper medical care, individuals with eating disorders can recover and resume healthy eating habits.

Genetic factors 

Genetic factors play a part in the risk of developing an eating disorder, but they can also affect individuals with no family history of the condition.

Personality Disorders

Persistent cognitive, behavioral, and interior experience patterns that defy social standards are characteristics of personality disorders. 

OCD, or obsessive-compulsive disorder

What is OCD?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a condition where someone has unwanted thoughts that come back again and again (obsessions) and does the same actions over and over (compulsions). These thoughts and actions can take up a lot of time and make life hard, but there are treatments to help manage them and make life better.

Signs and symptoms of OCD

  • People with OCD may experience obsessions, compulsions, or both, where obsessions are intrusive, unwanted thoughts, urges, or mental images that cause anxiety.
  • Common obsessions include fear of contamination, fear of forgetting things, fear of losing control, aggressive thoughts, unwanted taboo thoughts, and a desire for symmetry or order.
  • Compulsions are repetitive behaviors done in response to obsessions, such as excessive cleaning, ordering items, checking things repeatedly, counting, praying, or repeating words silently.
  • Individuals with OCD cannot control their obsessions or compulsions, spend more than an hour a day on them, and do not derive pleasure from them but may feel temporary relief from anxiety.
  • OCD can lead to significant problems in regular life and may co-occur with tic disorders, mood disorders, or anxiety disorders.
  • Symptoms of OCD typically start in late childhood or young adulthood and can fluctuate in severity over time, worsening during periods of stress.
  • People with OCD may avoid triggers or use substances to cope, and while adults may recognize the irrationality of their behaviors, children may not.
  • Early intervention is important, as untreated OCD symptoms can interfere with regular life and worsen over time.

PTSD, or post-traumatic stress disorder

Experiencing or witnessing a distressing event might result in the development of PTSD. Flashbacks, nightmares, excruciating anxiety, and irrational thoughts about the incident are possible symptoms.

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a real disorder that develops after experiencing or witnessing a scary, shocking, or dangerous event.
  • These events often involve threats to life or severe injury, leading to feelings of anxiety or stress in children and adults with PTSD.
  • PTSD can occur after traumatic events like war, natural disasters, sexual assault, physical abuse, or accidents, causing ongoing stress and fear even after the danger has passed.
  • Symptoms of PTSD can manifest shortly after the event or develop months or years later, depending on factors such as the severity of the trauma and the individual’s relationship to it.
  • Symptoms must last more than a month and significantly affect daily life, including school, work, or relationships, to qualify for a PTSD diagnosis.
  • PTSD can affect anyone, including children, and symptoms may persist for months or years.

Common symptoms of PTSD include

  • The common symptoms of PTSD  include flashbacks, nightmares, feelings of detachment, loss of interest in activities, anger outbursts, worry, guilt, sadness, frightening thoughts, trouble sleeping, physical pain, avoidance of triggers, memory problems, negative beliefs, irritability, vigilance, and easily startling.

Symptoms and Characteristics

The symptoms of mental disorders can vary widely, depending on the type and severity of the condition. However, common symptoms may include persistent sadness, anxiety, irritability, changes in sleep or appetite, difficulty concentrating, and withdrawal from social activities.

Causes and risk factors

Mental disorders can arise from a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Biological factors may include imbalances in brain chemistry, while environmental factors such as trauma or stress can also contribute to their development. Additionally, certain personality traits and coping mechanisms may increase the risk of developing a mental disorder.

Diagnosis and treatment

Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial for effectively managing mental disorders. Diagnosis typically involves a thorough assessment by a mental health professional, including a review of symptoms, a medical history, and possibly psychological testing. Treatment options may include medication, psychotherapy, lifestyle modifications, and support groups.

Coping Strategies

Different coping strategies can be helpful for people with mental problems in addition to professional treatment. These could be regular physical activity, regular meditation, or maintaining a healthy lifestyle. And building strong support networks among friends and family.

Breaking the stigma

Breaking the stigma surrounding mental disorders is essential for fostering understanding and support within communities. We can create a more welcoming and supportive environment for those who are suffering from these conditions. By dispelling myths and encouraging open discussions about mental health.


Understanding the common types of mental disorders is the first step towards promoting mental health awareness and support. By recognizing the signs and symptoms, seeking early intervention,. And offering compassion and understanding. We are able to assist those who suffer from mental illnesses in leading happy and purposeful lives.


Are mental disorders treatable?

Yes, many mental disorders are treatable with proper diagnosis and intervention.

Can mental disorders affect physical health?

Yes, mental disorders can impact physical health by affecting sleep, appetite, immune function, and overall well-being.


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